Matuszewski, Bolesław

(1856-1943?)
   A well-known Warsaw photographer and cameraman who worked for the Lumiere brothers in Poland, France, and Russia. In 1897 the tsar awarded him the title of court cinematographer. Matuszewski, considered in Poland the pioneer of scientific cinema and documentary cinema (with Kazimierz Prószyński), is also the author of the first lengthy treatises on cinema written by a Pole that appeared as early as 1898: A New Source of History and Animated Photography, published in Paris. These were pioneer texts on a world scale that aimed at presenting the practical possibilities of film. As a cameraman traveling across Europe, Matuszewski was interested primarily in the recording function of film as an eyewitness to history. He considered "living photographs" capable of truthful documentation of reality and postulated the creation of film archives.
   Historical Dictionary of Polish Cinema by Marek Haltof

Guide to cinema. . 2011.

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